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Development of a Proposal for Investing in Climate Adaptation and Mitigation Through Mangrove Ecosystem Restoration in Krishna District

CLIENT: Praja Pragathi Seva Sangham (PPSS)

DURATION: February - April 2023

LOCATION: India (Andhra Pradesh)



There are several factors contributing to the degradation and deforestation of Andhra Pradesh’s mangrove forests. Until 1972, mangroves were clear felled in many parts of the region, and these areas have not been able to regenerate due to various topographic, sediment, siltation and salinity changes. Additionally, the Krishna river is amongst the most heavily utilised rivers in peninsular India and is exploited for a variety of purposes, resulting in reduced fresh water flows.

Our community-based partners in Andhra Pradesh have been working in the Krishna delta for decades to restore mangroves, and convert abandoned saline lands into mangrove forests towards strengthening the ecosystem services that ensure community well-being in the area. Working with local governments and communities. This project has been development with the following objectives:

  • 50 women and men are skills-built in mangrove nursery development and maintenance, and ecosystem restoration, monitoring, and management.

  • A mangrove nursery, with a capacity of 500,000 saplings, is developed and maintained by women from 10 Self Help Groups.

  • 200 hectares of degraded mangroves are restored with community-support​ and 6 village-level mangrove management committees are formed and institutionalised for effective management and governance of the restored mangroves.

  • Aquaculture ponds for native fish, crabs, and bivalves farming, are established and/or strengthened over 80 hectares of degraded or mangrove depleted lands with at least 20 men and women.

  • Salt tolerant plant (halophytes) are cultivated over 20 hectares with at least 35 women and youth, and local market linkages established for cultivated halophytic vegetation.


Development of a strategic project proposal including needs-based assessments; log frame; activity-based timelines and budgets; impact monitoring, evaluation, and reporting plans; and mapping of potential impact sustainability strategies beyond the project scope.


​​We are currently seeking funding and expertise in mangrove carbon measurement for this project; if you are interested in supporting this project, please get in touch with us.

For more information, check out How the Integrated Mangrove Fish Farming System (IMFFS) works. 

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